10 November 1982 – 9 February 1984
|Preceded by||Leonid Brezhnev|
|Succeeded by||Konstantin Chernenko|
|Born|| 15 June 1914|
Stanitsa Nagutskaya, Stavropol Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died|| 9 February 1984 (aged 69)|
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Political party||Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
|Spouse||Tatyana Andropova (m. 1940s–1984; his death)|
|Children|| Igor Andropov|
Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov (/, /; Template:Lang-rus; 15 June [O.S. 2 June] 1914 – 9 February 1984) was a Soviet politician and the fourth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Following the 18-year rule of the late Leonid Brezhnev, Andropov served in the post for only 15 months, from November 1982 until his own death in February 1984. Earlier in his career, Andropov served as the Soviet ambassador to Hungary from 1954 to 1957, during which time he was involved in the suppression of the 1956 Hungarian Uprising, and then Chairman of the KGB from 1967 until 1982.
Andropov was born in Nagutskaya, Stavropol Region, Russian Empire, on 15 June 1914. He was the son of a railway official, Vladimir Konstantinovich Andropov, who was of a noble Don Cossack family and Yevgenia Karlovna Fleckenstein, the daughter of a Moscow watchmaker, Karl Franzovich Fleckenstein, who was of German descent and originally from Finland. Andropov was educated at the Rybinsk Water Transport Technical College and graduated in 1936. Both of his parents died early, leaving Yuri an orphan at the age of thirteen. As a teenager he worked as a loader, a telegraph clerk, and a sailor for the Volga steamship line.
- ↑ "Andropov". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
- ↑ Profile of Yuri Andropov
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Jessup, John E. (1998). An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Conflict and Conflict Resolution, 1945–1996. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 25. https://www.questia.com/read/106899354/an-encyclopedic-dictionary-of-conflict-and-conflict. Template:Subscription required
- ↑ Dennis Kavanagh (1998). "Andropov, Yuri". A Dictionary of Political Biography. Oxford University Press. p. 15. https://www.questia.com/read/34683400/a-dictionary-of-political-biography. Retrieved on 31 August 2013. Template:Subscription required
- ↑ The noble families from Don
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 "Biography of Yuri Andropov". Soviet Life (Embassy of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) (323): 1B. 1983. Archived from the original. You must specify the date the archive was made using the |archivedate= parameter. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Soviet_Life,_1983-08,_%E2%84%96_323.pdf. Retrieved on 19 August 2013.
- ↑ Babichenko, Denis (3 October 2005). (in Russian)Itogi (40): 30–34. Archived from the original. You must specify the date the archive was made using the |archivedate= parameter. http://www.itogi.ru/Paper2005.nsf/Article/Itogi_2005_10_01_23_1219.html.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 A Dictionary of 20th Century Communism. Edited by Silvio Pons and Robert Service. Princeton University Press. 2010.