State of Texas
[1] [2]
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The Lone Star State
Motto(s): Friendship
Official language(s) No official language

(see Languages spoken in Texas)

Spoken language(s) English 68.7%

Spanish 27.0%[1]

Demonym Texan

Texian (archaic) Tejano

Capital Austin
Largest city Houston
Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex[2]
Area Ranked 2nd in the U.S.
- Total 268,581[3] sq mi

(696,241 km2)

- Width 773[4] miles (1,244 km)
- Length 790 miles (1,270 km)
- % water 2.5
- Latitude 25° 50′ N to 36° 30′ N
- Longitude 93° 31′ W to 106° 39′ W
Population Ranked 2nd in the U.S.
- Total 25,674,681 (2011 est)[5]
- Density 98.1/sq mi (37.9/km2)

Ranked 26th in the U.S.

- Highest point Guadalupe Peak[6][7][8]

8,751 ft (2667.4 m)

- Mean 1,700 ft (520 m)
- Lowest point Gulf of Mexico[7]

sea level

Before statehood Republic of Texas
Admission to Union December 29, 1845 (28th)
Governor Rick Perry (R)
Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst (R)
Legislature Texas Legislature
- Upper house Senate
- Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Kay Bailey Hutchison (R)

John Cornyn (R)

U.S. House delegation 23 Republicans, 9 Democrats (list)
Time zones
- most of state Central: UTC −6/−5
- tip of West Texas Mountain: UTC −7/−6
Abbreviations TX Tex. US-TX

Texas is a Macrostate in North America, its also a state of the United States, the nation declared indpence in August 5, 2012, other Macrostates in the Americas are Alaska, Hawaii, California, and the nations of the Villarruel Domination, the head of state is Dominator Antonio of the Villarruel Domination.