FANDOM


Imre Nagy
Nagy Imre igazolványkép.jpg


In office
4 July 1953 – 18 April 1955
Preceded by Mátyás Rákosi
Succeeded by András Hegedűs
In office
24 October 1956 – 4 November 1956
Preceded by András Hegedűs
Succeeded by János Kádár

In office
2 November 1956 – 4 November 1956
Preceded by Imre Horváth
Succeeded by Imre Horváth

In office
16 September 1947 – 8 June 1949
Preceded by Árpád Szabó
Succeeded by Károly Olt

In office
15 November 1945 – 20 March 1946
Preceded by Ferenc Erdei
Succeeded by László Rajk

In office
22 December 1944 – 15 November 1945
Preceded by Fidél Pálffy
Succeeded by Béla Kovács

Born 7 June 1896(1896-06-07)
Kaposvár, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary
Died 16 June 1958 (aged 62)
Budapest, Hungarian People's Republic
Nationality Hungarian
Political party Hungarian Communist Party,
Hungarian Working People's Party,
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
Spouse Mária Égető
Children Erzsébet

Imre Nagy (Template:IPA-hu; 7 June 1896 – 16 June 1958) was a Hungarian communist politician who was appointed Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Hungarian People's Republic on two occasions. Nagy's second term ended when his non-Soviet-backed government was brought down by Soviet invasion in the failed Hungarian Revolution of 1956, resulting in Nagy's execution on charges of treason two years later.

Early life and careerEdit

Nagy was born in Kaposvár, to a peasant family and was apprenticed to a locksmith. His father, József Nagy (1869–1925), was a manorial servant, a county worker, and was later post assembly worker, and his mother, Rozália Szabó (1877–1969), served as a maid before she was married. He enlisted in the Austro-Hungarian Army during World War I and served on the Eastern Front. He was taken prisoner in 1915. He became a member of the Russian Communist Party and joined the Red Army.[citation needed]

Nagy returned to Hungary in 1921. In 1930, he travelled to the Soviet Union and rejoined the Communist Party, also becoming a Soviet citizen. He was engaged in agricultural research, but also worked in the Hungarian section of the Comintern. He was expelled from the party in 1936 and later worked for the Soviet Statistical Service. Rumours that he was an agent of the Soviet secret service surfaced later, begun by Hungarian party leader Károly Grósz in 1989, allegedly in an attempt to discredit Nagy.[1] Nagy evidently did serve, however, as an informant for the NKVD during his time in Moscow and provided names to the secret police as a way to prove his loyalty (a common tactic for foreign communists in the Soviet Union at the time).[2]

After the Second World War, Nagy returned to Hungary. He was the Minister of Agriculture in the government of Béla Miklós de Dálnok, delegated by the Hungarian Communist Party. He distributed land among the peasant population. In the next government, led by Tildy, he was the Minister of Interior. At this period he played an active role in the expulsion of the Hungarian Germans.[3]

In the communist government, he served as Minister of Agriculture and in other posts. He was also Speaker of the National Assembly of Hungary 1947–1949.[citation needed]

After two years as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Hungarian People's Republic (1953–1955), during which he promoted his "New Course" in Socialism, Nagy fell out of favour with the Soviet Politburo. He was deprived of his Hungarian Central Committee, Politburo, and all other Party functions and, on 18 April 1955, he was sacked as Chairman of the Council of Ministers.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. János Rainer: Nagy Imre, (Budapest, 2002), 26.
  2. Gati, Charles (2006). Failed Illusions: Moscow, Washington, Budapest and the 1956 Hungarian Revolt, p. 42. Stanford University Press. Template:ISBN.
  3. (hu) Imre Nagy's unknown life, in Magyar Narancs
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.