4 July 1953 – 18 April 1955
|Preceded by||Mátyás Rákosi|
|Succeeded by||András Hegedűs|
24 October 1956 – 4 November 1956
|Preceded by||András Hegedűs|
|Succeeded by||János Kádár|
2 November 1956 – 4 November 1956
|Preceded by||Imre Horváth|
|Succeeded by||Imre Horváth|
16 September 1947 – 8 June 1949
|Preceded by||Árpád Szabó|
|Succeeded by||Károly Olt|
15 November 1945 – 20 March 1946
|Preceded by||Ferenc Erdei|
|Succeeded by||László Rajk|
22 December 1944 – 15 November 1945
|Preceded by||Fidél Pálffy|
|Succeeded by||Béla Kovács|
|Born|| 7 June 1896|
Kaposvár, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary
|Died|| 16 June 1958 (aged 62)|
Budapest, Hungarian People's Republic
|Political party|| Hungarian Communist Party,|
Hungarian Working People's Party,
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
Imre Nagy (Template:IPA-hu; 7 June 1896 – 16 June 1958) was a Hungarian communist politician who was appointed Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Hungarian People's Republic on two occasions. Nagy's second term ended when his non-Soviet-backed government was brought down by Soviet invasion in the failed Hungarian Revolution of 1956, resulting in Nagy's execution on charges of treason two years later.
Early life and careerEdit
Nagy was born in Kaposvár, to a peasant family and was apprenticed to a locksmith. His father, József Nagy (1869–1925), was a manorial servant, a county worker, and was later post assembly worker, and his mother, Rozália Szabó (1877–1969), served as a maid before she was married. He enlisted in the Austro-Hungarian Army during World War I and served on the Eastern Front. He was taken prisoner in 1915. He became a member of the Russian Communist Party and joined the Red Army.
Nagy returned to Hungary in 1921. In 1930, he travelled to the Soviet Union and rejoined the Communist Party, also becoming a Soviet citizen. He was engaged in agricultural research, but also worked in the Hungarian section of the Comintern. He was expelled from the party in 1936 and later worked for the Soviet Statistical Service. Rumours that he was an agent of the Soviet secret service surfaced later, begun by Hungarian party leader Károly Grósz in 1989, allegedly in an attempt to discredit Nagy. Nagy evidently did serve, however, as an informant for the NKVD during his time in Moscow and provided names to the secret police as a way to prove his loyalty (a common tactic for foreign communists in the Soviet Union at the time).
After the Second World War, Nagy returned to Hungary. He was the Minister of Agriculture in the government of Béla Miklós de Dálnok, delegated by the Hungarian Communist Party. He distributed land among the peasant population. In the next government, led by Tildy, he was the Minister of Interior. At this period he played an active role in the expulsion of the Hungarian Germans.
After two years as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Hungarian People's Republic (1953–1955), during which he promoted his "New Course" in Socialism, Nagy fell out of favour with the Soviet Politburo. He was deprived of his Hungarian Central Committee, Politburo, and all other Party functions and, on 18 April 1955, he was sacked as Chairman of the Council of Ministers.